Harry Potter And The Sorcerer27s Stone 300mb

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. 223 (UK Edition). 332 (2014 UK Edition). 309 (US Edition).

336 (2013 US Edition). 256 (illustrated Edition) Followed by Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone is a written by British author. The first novel in the series and Rowling's, it follows, a young who discovers his magical heritage on his eleventh birthday, when he receives a letter of acceptance to the. Harry makes close friends and a few enemies during his first year at the school, and with the help of his friends, Harry faces an attempted comeback by the dark wizard, who killed Harry's parents, but failed to kill Harry when he was just 15 months old. The book was first published in the in 1997. In 1998, it was published in the by under the title Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone.

It won most of the British book awards that were judged by children and other awards in the US. The book reached the top of the New York Times list of best-selling fiction in August 1999 and stayed near the top of that list for much of 1999 and 2000. It has been translated into at least 73 other languages, and has been made into a, as have all six of its sequels. Most reviews were very favourable, commenting on Rowling's imagination, humour, simple, direct style and clever plot construction, although a few complained that the final chapters seemed rushed. The writing has been compared to that of, one of Rowling's favourite authors;, whose works dominated children's stories before the appearance of Harry Potter; and the Ancient Greek story-teller. While some commentators thought the book looked backwards to Victorian and Edwardian stories, others thought it placed the genre firmly in the modern world by featuring contemporary ethical and social issues, as well as overcoming obstacles like bullies. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, along with the rest of the Harry Potter series, has been attacked by some religious groups and banned in some countries because of accusations that the novels promote under the guise of a heroic, moral story.

Other religious commentators have written that the book exemplifies important viewpoints, including the power of self-sacrifice and the ways in which people's decisions shape their personalities. The series has been used as a source of in, and marketing. As the main title suggests, the plot centres on a which is believed by some to give immortality Harry Potter has been living an ordinary life, constantly abused by his surly and cold aunt and uncle, and bullied by their spoiled son Dudley since the death of his parents ten years prior. His life changes on the day of his eleventh birthday when he receives a letter of acceptance into a, delivered by a half-giant named after previous letters had been destroyed by Harry’s Uncle Vernon and his Aunt Petunia.

Hagrid explains Harry's hidden past as the wizard son of and, who were a wizard and witch respectively, and how they were murdered by the most evil and powerful dark wizard of all time, which resulted in the one-year-old Harry being sent to live with his aunt and uncle. The strangest bit of the murder was how Voldemort was unable to kill him, but instead had his own powers removed and blasted away, sparking Harry's immense fame among the magical community. Hagrid introduces Harry to the, bringing him to places such as, a hidden London street where Harry gets his owl Hedwig and various school supplies, and, where he uncovers a fortune left to him by his parents in his vault. There, he is surprised to discover how famous he truly is among witches and wizards.

A month later, Harry leaves the Dursleys' home to catch the from 's secret Hogwarts platform,. On the train, he quickly befriends fellow first-year and, whose snobbiness and affinity for spells initially causes the two boys to dislike her.

There, Harry also makes an enemy of yet another first-year, who shows prejudice against Ron for his family's financial difficulties. Arriving at Hogwarts, the first-years are assigned by the magical to that best suit their personalities, the four Houses being, and. Harry hears from Ron about Slytherin's dark reputation which is known to house potential dark witches and wizards, and thus objects to being sorted into Slytherin despite the Hat claiming that Harry has potential to develop under that House. He winds up in Gryffindor with Ron and Hermione, while Draco is sorted into Slytherin like his whole family before him. As classes begin at Hogwarts, Harry discovers his innate talent for flying on broomsticks despite no prior experience, and is recruited into his House's Quidditch (a competitive wizards' sport played in the air) team as a Seeker. He also comes to dislike the school's Potions master, who is also the Head of Slytherin House who acts with bias in favour of members of his House while perpetually looking for opportunities to fail Harry and his friends. Malfoy tricks Harry and Ron into a duel in the trophy room to get them out of their rooms at night and secretly tells Filch, the school's caretaker, where they will be.

Hermione unintentionally is forced to come along after her attempts to stop them fail. Harry, Ron, and Hermione then find Neville asleep outside the common area because he had forgotten the password to get in. After realizing the duel was a set-up to get them in trouble, they run away.

They then discover a huge three-headed dog standing guard over a trapdoor in a forbidden corridor. The school year is interrupted by the entrance of a troll into the school, which enters the girls' bathroom where Hermione was. However she is saved by Harry and Ron and, as a result, Hermione is grateful and the three become best friends.

Coupled with Snape's recent leg injury as well as behaviour, the recent events prompt Harry, Hermione and Ron to suspect him to be looking for a way to enter the trapdoor. Hermione forbids the boys from investigating for fear for expulsion, and instead makes Harry direct his attention to his first ever Quidditch game, where his broomstick begins to lose control and threatens to throw him off. This leads Hermione to suspect that Snape is jinxing Harry's broom due to his strange behaviour during the match. After the excitement of winning the match has died down, Christmas approaches and Harry receives an invisibility cloak from an anonymous source claiming that the cloak belonged to Harry's father.

Using the cloak to explore the school at night to investigate the possibility of what is under the trapdoor, he discovers the Mirror of Erised, in which the viewer sees his or her deepest desires come true. A visit to Hagrid's cottage at the foot of the school leads the trio to find a newspaper report stating there had been an attempted robbery of a Gringotts vault—the same vault that Hagrid and Harry had visited when Harry was getting his school supplies. A further indiscretion from Hagrid allows them to work out that the object kept under that trapdoor is a, which grants its user immortality as well as the ability to turn any metal into pure gold. Harry is also informed by a centaur named in the forest that a plot to steal the Stone is being orchestrated by none other than Voldemort himself, who schemes to use it to be restored back to his body and return to power. When the school's headmaster is lured from Hogwarts under false pretences, Harry, Hermione and Ron fear that the theft is imminent and descend through the trapdoor themselves. They encounter a series of obstacles, each of which requires unique skills possessed by one of the three, and one of which requires Ron to sacrifice himself in a life-sized game of wizard's chess.

In the final room, Harry, now alone, finds Quirinus Quirrell, the Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher, who had been the one working behind the scenes to kill Harry by first jinxing his broom and then letting a troll into the school. Snape had been trying to protect Harry instead, who had wronged him. Now, Quirrell is partly by Voldemort, whose face has sprouted on the back of Quirrell's head but is constantly concealed by his oversized turban. Voldemort needs Harry's help to get past the final obstacle: the Mirror of Erised, forcing him to stand before the Mirror. It recognises Harry's lack of greed for the Stone and surreptitiously deposits it into his pocket. As Quirrell attempts to seize the stone and kill Harry, his flesh burns on contact with the boy's skin and breaks into blisters. Harry's scar suddenly burns with pain, and he passes into unconsciousness.

Three days later, he awakens in the school's infirmary, where Dumbledore explains his survival against Voldemort to be owed to his mother's sacrificing her life in order for him to live, leaving a powerful protective charm on Harry that lives in his blood, burning Quirrell, who was possessed by hatred and greed. He also reveals himself as the one who sent Harry his father's invisibility cloak, while Quirrell has been left to die by Voldemort and the Stone has now been destroyed. The eventful school year ends at the final feast, during which Gryffindor wins the House Cup. Harry returns to Privet Drive for the summer, neglecting to tell the Dursleys that the use of spells is forbidden by under-aged wizards and witches and thus anticipating some fun and peace over the holidays. Main characters. is an orphan whom Rowling imagined as a 'scrawny, black-haired, green eyed and bespectacled boy who didn't know he was a wizard.' She developed the series' story and characters to explain how Harry came to be in this situation and how his life unfolded from there.

Apart from the first chapter, the events of this book take place just before and in the year following Harry's eleventh birthday. Voldemort's attack left a lightning bolt-shaped scar on Harry's forehead, which produces stabbing pains whenever Voldemort is present. Harry has a natural talent for and became the first person in decades to get on their team in their first year. is Harry's age and Rowling describes him as the ultimate best friend, 'always there when you need him.'

He is freckled, red-haired and quite tall. He grew up in a fairly large pure-blood family as the sixth born of seven children. Although his family is quite poor, they still live comfortably and happily. His loyalty and bravery in the face of a game of Wizards Chess plays a vital part in finding the Philosopher's Stone., the daughter of an all-Muggle family, is a bossy girl who has apparently memorised most of the textbooks before the start of term.

Rowling described Hermione as a 'very logical, upright and good' character with 'a lot of insecurity and a great fear of failure beneath her swottiness'. Despite her nagging efforts to keep Harry and Ron out of trouble, she becomes a close friend of the two boys after they save her from a troll, and her magical and analytical skills play an important role in finding the Philosopher's Stone. She has bushy brown hair and rather large front teeth. is a plump, diffident boy, so forgetful that his grandmother gives him a, although he cannot remember why. Neville's magical abilities are weak and appeared just in time to save his life when he was eight. Despite his timidity, Neville will fight anyone after some encouragement or if he thinks it is right and important., a half-giant nearly 12 feet (3.7 m) tall, with tangled black hair and beard, was expelled from and his was snapped in half (resulting in him never to use a wand again), however let him stay on as the school's, a job which enables him to lavish affection, care and even on even the most dangerous of magical creatures.

Hagrid is fiercely loyal to Dumbledore and quickly becomes a close friend of Harry, Ron and, later, Hermione, but his carelessness makes him unreliable., a tall, thin man who wears half-moon spectacles and has silver hair and a beard that tucks into his belt, is the headmaster of Hogwarts, and thought to be the only wizard Voldemort fears. Dumbledore, while renowned for his achievements in magic, shrugs off praise, though he is aware of his own brilliance. Rowling described him as the 'epitome of goodness'., a tall, severe-looking woman with black hair tied in a tight, teaches, and is able to transform herself into a cat. She is Deputy Headmistress, and Head of Gryffindor House and, according to the author, 'under that gruff exterior' is 'a bit of an old softy'., the sister of Harry's mother, is a thin woman with a long neck that she uses for spying on the neighbours. As a, she regards her magical sister as a freak and tries to pretend that she never existed., the husband of Petunia Dursley, is a heavily built man whose irascible bluster covers a narrow mind and a fear of anything unusual. is an overweight, spoiled bully and Harry's cousin.

Black mesa crack download. is a slim, pale boy who speaks in a bored. He is arrogant about his skill in, and despises anyone who is not a pure-blood wizard – and wizards who do not share his views. His parents had supported Voldemort, but changed sides after the dark wizard's disappearance, claiming they had been. Draco avoids direct confrontations, and tries to get Harry and his friends into trouble. is Harry's Quidditch captain and keeper for the Gryffindor Quidditch team. is a twitching, stammering and nervous man who teaches.

Reputedly he was a brilliant scholar, but his nerve was shattered by an encounter with. Quirrell wears a turban to conceal the fact that he is voluntarily possessed by Voldemort, whose face appears on the back of Quirrell's head., who has a hooked nose, sallow complexion and greasy black hair, teaches, but would prefer to teach Defence Against the Dark Arts. Snape praises pupils in Slytherin, his own House but seizes every opportunity to humiliate others, especially Harry. Several incidents, beginning with the shooting pain in Harry's scar during the start-of-term feast, lead Harry and his friends to think Snape is a follower of Voldemort., the school caretaker who knows the school's better than anyone else except, possibly, the Weasley twins. His cat, Mrs.

Norris, aids his constant hunt for misbehaving pupils. Other members of staff include the dumpy teacher and Head of Hufflepuff House, the tiny and excitable teacher, and Head of Ravenclaw House, the soporific teacher, a ghost who does not seem to have noticed his own death; and, the Quidditch coach, who is strict, but a considerate and methodical teacher. The wanders around the castle causing trouble wherever he can. In the book, Rowling introduces an eclectic cast of characters.

The first character to be introduced is Vernon Dursley, Harry's uncle. Most of the actions centre on the eponymous hero, an orphan who escapes his miserable childhood with the. Rowling imagined him as a 'scrawny, black-haired, bespectacled boy who didn't know he was a wizard', and says she transferred part of her pain about losing her mother to him. During the book, Harry makes two close friends, Ronald Weasley and Hermione Granger. Ron is described by Rowling as the ultimate best friend, 'always there when you need him'. Rowling has described Hermione as a 'very logical, upright and good' character with 'a lot of insecurity and a great fear of failure beneath her swottiness'. Rowling also imagined a supporting cast of adults.

The headmaster of Hogwarts is the powerful, but kind wizard, who becomes Harry's confidant. Rowling described him as 'epitome of goodness'. His right hand is severe, who according to the author 'under that gruff exterior' is 'a bit of an old softy', the friendly half-giant, who saved Harry from the Dursley family, and the sinister Severus Snape. Professor Quirrell is also featured in the novel.

The main antagonists are, an elitist, bullying classmate and, the most powerful evil wizard who becomes disembodied when he tries to kill baby Harry. According to a 1999 interview with Rowling, the character of Voldemort was created as a literary foil for Harry, and his was intentionally not fleshed-out at first: The basic idea. Harry, I saw Harry very very very clearly. Very vividly. And I knew he didn't know he was a wizard. And so then I kind of worked backwards from that position to find out how that could be, that he wouldn't know what he was. When he was one year old, the most evil wizard for hundreds and hundreds of years attempted to kill him.

He killed Harry's parents, and then he tried to kill Harry—he tried to curse him. And—so—but for some mysterious reason, the curse didn't work on Harry.

So he's left with this lightning bolt shaped scar on his forehead and the curse rebounded upon the evil wizard, who has been in hiding ever since. Development, publication and reception Development The book, which was Rowling's debut novel, was written between approximately June 1990 and some time in 1995. In 1990 Jo Rowling, as she preferred to be known, wanted to move with her boyfriend to a flat in and in her words, 'One weekend after flat hunting, I took the train back to London on my own and the idea for Harry Potter fell into my head.

A scrawny, little, black-haired, bespectacled boy became more and more of a wizard to me. I began to write Philosopher's Stone that very evening. Although, the first couple of pages look nothing like the finished product.' Then Rowling's mother died and, to cope with her pain, Rowling transferred her own anguish to the orphan Harry.

Rowling spent six years working on Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, and after it was accepted by Bloomsbury, she obtained a grant of £8,000 from the, which enabled her to plan the sequels. She sent the book to an and a publisher, and then the second agent she approached spent a year trying to sell the book to publishers, most of whom thought it was too long at about 90,000 words. Barry Cunningham, who was building a portfolio of distinctive fantasies by new authors for, recommended accepting the book, and the eight-year-old daughter of Bloomsbury's chief executive said it was 'so much better than anything else'. Publication and reception in the United Kingdom. Imitation of the fictional at the real, with a luggage trolley apparently halfway through the magical wall Bloomsbury accepted the book, paying Rowling a £2,500, and Cunningham sent to carefully chosen authors, critics and booksellers in order to obtain comments that could be quoted when the book was launched.

He was less concerned about the book's length than about its author's name, since the title sounded like a boys' book to him, and he believed boys preferred books by male authors. Rowling therefore adopted the just before publication. In June 1997, Bloomsbury published Philosopher's Stone with an initial print-run of 500 copies in hardback, three hundred of which were distributed to libraries.

Her original name, 'Joanne Rowling', can be found in small print on the copyright page of this first British edition. (The 1998 first American edition would remove reference to 'Joanne' completely.) The short initial print run was standard for first novels, and Cunningham hoped booksellers would read the book and recommend it to customers. Examples from this initial print run have sold for as much as US$33,460 in a 2007 Auction. Lindsey Fraser, who had previously supplied one of the comments, wrote what is thought to be the first published review, in on 28 June 1997.

She described Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone as 'a hugely entertaining thriller' and Rowling as 'a first-rate writer for children'. Another early review, in, said, 'I have yet to find a child who can put it down.' Newspapers outside Scotland started to notice the book, with glowing reviews in, and, and in September 1997, a magazine that specialised in children's books, gave the novel four stars out of five. Rated it as 'the most imaginative debut since '; a view echoed by the ('comparisons to Dahl are, this time, justified'), while called it 'a richly textured novel given lift-off by an inventive wit' and said it had 'all the makings of a classic'. In 1997 the UK edition won a and a gold medal in the 9- to 11-year-olds category of the. The Smarties award, which is voted for by children, made the book well-known within six months of publication, while most children's books have to wait for years.

The following year, Philosopher's Stone won almost all the other major British awards that were decided by children. It was also shortlisted for children's books awards adjudicated by adults, but did not win. Sandra Beckett commented that books which were popular with children were regarded as undemanding and as not of the highest literary standards – for example the literary establishment disdained the works of Dahl, an overwhelming favourite of children before the appearance of Rowling's books.

In 2003, the novel was listed at number 22 on the 's survey. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone won two publishing industry awards given for sales rather than literary merit, the Children's Book of the Year and the Booksellers' Association / Bookseller Author of the Year. By March 1999 UK editions had sold just over 300,000 copies, and the story was still the UK's best-selling title in December 2001. A edition was published in May 1998 by the Scottish Braille Press., from which the Hogwarts Express left London, was commemorated in the real-life with a sign and a trolley apparently passing through the wall. Original U.S. Cover of Sorcerer's Stone UK to American translation examples UK American mum, mam mom motorbike motorcycle fries crisp chip jelly jacket potato baked potato jumper sweater bought the U.S.

Rights at the in April 1997 for US$105,000, an unusually high sum for a children's book. They thought that a child would not want to read a book with the word 'philosopher' in the title andafter some discussion, the American edition was published in September 1998 under the title Rowling suggested, Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone. Rowling later claimed that she regretted this change and would have fought it if she had been in a stronger position at the time. Has pointed out that the change lost the connection with, and the meaning of some other terms changed in translation, for example from ' to '. While Rowling accepted the change from both the British English 'mum' and Seamus Finnigan's Irish variant 'mam' to 'mom' in Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, she vetoed this change in the later books, which was then reversed in later editions of Philosopher's Stone.

However, Nel considered that Scholastic's translations were considerably more sensitive than most of those imposed on British English books of the time, and that some other changes could be regarded as useful. Since the British editions of early titles in the series were published months prior to the American versions, some American readers became familiar with the British English versions due to buying them from online retailers. At first the most prestigious reviewers ignored the book, leaving it to book trade and library publications such as and, which examined it only by the entertainment-oriented criteria of children's fiction.

However, more penetrating specialist reviews (such as one by Cooperative Children's Book Center Choices, which pointed out the complexity, depth and consistency of the world that Rowling had ) attracted the attention of reviewers in major newspapers. Although and Michael Winerip in The New York Times complained that the final chapters were the weakest part of the book, they and most other American reviewers gave glowing praise. A year later, the US edition was selected as an, a Best Book of 1998, and a 1998 Best Book of the Year, and won 's Book of the Year Award for 1998, the School Library Journal Best Book of the Year, and the American Library Association Best Book for Young Adults. In August 1999, Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone topped the New York Times list of best-selling fiction, and stayed near the top of the list for much of 1999 and 2000, until the New York Times split its list into children's and adult sections under pressure from other publishers who were eager to see their books given higher placings.

's report in December 2001 on cumulative sales of children's fiction placed Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone 19th among hardbacks (over 5 million copies) and 7th among paperbacks (over 6.6 million copies). In May 2008, Scholastic announced the creation of a 10th Anniversary Edition of the book that was released on 1 October 2008 to mark the tenth anniversary of the original American release. For the fifteenth anniversary of the books, Scholastic re-released Sorcerer's Stone, along with the other six novels in the series, with new cover art by in 2013. Translations. See also: highlighted the influence of, whom Rowling has greatly admired since the age of twelve. Both novelists greatly encourage re-reading, because details that look insignificant foreshadow important events or characters much later in the story-line – for example Sirius Black is briefly mentioned near the beginning of Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, and then becomes a major character in the third to fifth books.

Like Austen's heroines, Harry often has to re-examine his ideas near the ends of books. Some social behaviour in the Harry Potter books is remininiscent of Austen, for example the excited communal reading of letters. Both authors social behaviour and give characters names that express their personalities. However in Nel's opinion Rowling's humour is more based on and the names she invents are more like those found in stories,: 13–15 and noted that many of these express their owners' traits through that run from ancient Roman mythology to eighteenth-century German literature. Rowling, like the series' author, thinks there is no rigid distinction between stories for children and for adults. Nel also noted that, like many good writers for children, Rowling combines ‍—‌, boarding school stories, and many others.: 51–52 Some reviewers compared Philosopher's Stone to the stories of, who died in 1990.

Many writers since the 1970s had been hailed as his successor, but none had attained anything near his popularity with children and, in a poll conducted shortly after the launch of Philosopher's Stone, seven of the ten most popular children's books were by Dahl, including the one in top place. The only other really popular children's author of the late 1990s was an American,.

Some of the story elements in Philosopher's Stone resembled parts of Dahl's stories. For example, the hero of lost his parents and had to live with a pair of unpleasant aunts‍—‌one fat and one thin rather like Mr. Dursley, who treated Harry as a servant.

However Harry Potter was a distinctive creation, able to take on the responsibilities of an adult while remaining a child inside. Librarian Nancy Knapp and marketing professor Stephen Brown noted the liveliness and detail of descriptions, especially of shop scenes such as. Tad Brennan commented that Rowling's writing resembles that of: 'rapid, plain, and direct in expression.'

Admired 'the sort of playful details of which only British fantasists seem capable' and concluded that they worked because Rowling enjoys a quick giggle and then moves briskly forward. Described the early Harry Potter books as looking back to and children's stories: was an old-style in which the teachers addressed pupils formally by their surnames and were most concerned with the reputations of the houses with which they were associated; characters' personalities were plainly shown by their appearances, starting with the Dursleys; evil or malicious characters were to be crushed rather than reformed, including cat Mrs Norris; and the hero, a mistreated orphan who found his true place in life, was charismatic and good at sports, but considerate and protective towards the weak. Several other commentators have stated that the books present a highly society including many. However Karin Westerman drew parallels with 1990s Britain: a class system that was breaking down but defended by those whose power and status it upheld; the multi-ethnic composition of Hogwarts' students; the racial tensions between the various intelligent species; and school bullying. Susan Hall wrote that there is no in the books, as the actions of officials are unconstrained by laws, or any kind of legal challenge. This provides an opportunity for to offer his own horrific version of order.

As a side-effect Harry and Hermione, who were brought up in the highly regulated Muggle world, find solutions by thinking in ways unfamiliar to wizards. For example, Hermione notes that one obstacle to finding the Philosopher's Stone is a test of logic rather than magical power, and that most wizards have no chance of solving it. Nel suggested that the unflattering characterisation of the extremely conventional, -conscious, materialistic Dursleys was Rowling's reaction to the family policies of the British government in the early 1990s, which treated the married heterosexual couple as the 'preferred norm', while the author was a. Harry's relationships with adult and juvenile wizards are based on affection and loyalty.

This is reflected in his happiness whenever he is a temporary member of the Weasley family throughout the series, and in his treatment of first and later and as father-figures.: 13–15, 47–48 Legacy Sequels The second book, was originally published in the UK on July 2, 1998 and later, in the US on June 2, 1999. Was then published a year later in the UK on July 8, 1999 and in the US on September 8, 1999. Was published on 8 July 2000 at the same time by and. Is the longest book in the series at 766 pages in the UK version and 870 pages in the US version. It was published worldwide in English on June 21, 2003.

Was published on July 16, 2005 and sold 11 million copies in the first 24 hours of its worldwide release. The seventh and final novel, was published on July 21, 2007. The book sold 11 million copies within 24 hours of its release: 2.7 million copies in the UK and 8.3 million in the US. Illustrated version An illustrated version of Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone was released on October 6, 2015, with illustrations by Jim Kay. The book carries over 100 illustrations and will be followed by illustrated versions of all seven books from the series by the same artist. Film version. Main article: In 1999, Rowling sold the film rights of the first four Harry Potter books to for a reported £1 million ($1.65 million in 1999).

Rowling demanded that the principal cast be kept strictly British but allowed for the casting of Irish actors such as the late as Dumbledore and of foreign actors as characters of the same nationalities in later books. After, filming began in September 2000 at and in London, with production ending in July 2001. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone was released in London on 14 November 2001. Reviewers' comments were positive, as reflected by an 80% Fresh rating on and by a score of 64% at, representing 'generally favourable reviews'.

Video games. Main article: Five unique video games by different developers were released between 2001 and 2003 by, that were loosely based on the film and book: Developer Release date Platform Genre Notes 15 November 2001 / 67.35% 65/100 66.98% 64/100 73% N/A 68.37% 64/100 28 February 2002 Adventure/puzzle N/A N/A Port of Windows version 9 December 2003 Action-adventure 63.31% 62/100 57.90% 56/100 61.82% 59/100 Uses in education and business Writers on education and business subjects have used the book as an. Writing about clinical teaching in medical schools, Jennifer Conn contrasted Snape's technical expertise with his intimidating behaviour towards students. Quidditch coach Madam Hooch on the other hand, illustrated useful techniques in the teaching of physical skills, including breaking down complex actions into sequences of simple ones and helping students to avoid common errors. Joyce Fields wrote that the books illustrate four of the five main topics in a typical first-year sociology class: 'sociological concepts including culture, society, and; stratification and;; and '. Stephen Brown noted that the early Harry Potter books, especially Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, were a runaway success despite inadequate and poorly organised marketing. Brown advised marketing executives to be less preoccupied with rigorous statistical analyses and the 'analysis, planning, implementation, and control' model of management.

Instead he recommended that they should treat the stories as 'a marketing masterclass', full of enticing products and brand names. For example, a real-world analogue of was introduced in 2000 by toymaker. From the original on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2015. Archived from on 17 December 2008. Retrieved 11 January 2009. ^ (20 October 1999).

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