Alternative Titles: Second World War, WWII World War II, also called Second World War, conflict that involved virtually every part of the world during the years 1939–45. The principal were the Axis powers—, and —and the Allies—, the, the, and, to a lesser extent,. The war was in many respects a continuation, after an uneasy 20-year, of the disputes left unsettled.
TEACHING MODERN SOUTHEAST EUROPEAN HISTORY Alternative Educational Materials WORKBOOK 4 The Second World War Edited by KREŠIMIR ERDELJA Series editor CHRISTINA.
The 40,000,000–50,000,000 deaths incurred in World War II make it the bloodiest conflict, as well as the largest war, in history. The on June 6, 1944, opened a second front in Europe, and Germany’s abortive in the winter of 1944–45 marked the ’s final push in the west. The advanced from the east and effectively claimed all the territory under its control for the sphere. The Allied armies converged on Berlin.
Committed suicide on April 30, 1945, and the war in Europe ended on May 8. The American “island hopping” campaign had destroyed key Japanese installations throughout the while allowing bypassed islands to wither on the vine.
Hundreds of thousands were killed in firebombings of Japanese cities, and the of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945 knocked Japan out of the war. Atomic bombing of Hiroshima A gigantic mushroom cloud rising above Hiroshima, Japan, on August 6, 1945, after a U.S. Aircraft dropped an atomic bomb on the city, immediately killing more than 70,000 people. Air Force photograph Axis initiative and Allied reaction The outbreak of war By the early part of 1939 the dictator had become determined to invade and occupy. Poland, for its part, had guarantees of French and British military support should it be attacked by Germany.
Hitler intended to invade Poland anyway, but first he had to neutralize the possibility that the Soviet Union would resist the invasion of its western neighbour. 2012 hollywood movie youtube. Secret negotiations led on 23–24 to the signing of the in. In a secret of this pact, the Germans and the Soviets agreed that Poland should be divided between them, with the western third of the country going to Germany and the eastern two-thirds being taken over by the U.S.S.R.
We have seen the causes and consequences of the in the last post. The first world war itself sowed the seeds for Second World War, primarily because of the humiliating Treaty of Versailles. We shall see the causes and consequences of the Second World War (WWII) in this post.
The Two Groups: Allies vs Axis Powers Causes of Second World War(1939-1945) (1) Humiliation by the Treaty of Versailles. War indemnity. The provision for disarming Germany.
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Saar coal mine to France for 15 years. Polish corridor was given to Poland. City of Danzing was made free.
(2) Growth of Fascism and Nazism. Mussolini (Italy) and Hitler (Germany) strongly glorified war and violence. While West was fighting communism, Germany and Italy started massive militarization. (3) Rise of Japan. Imperialism. Rome-Berlin-Tokyo axis (1936).
(4) Neglect of minority interests. New countries like Poland, Czechoslovakia and Austria were formed after the First World War.
While drawing boundaries the interests of minority groups in each of these countries were neglected. (5) Military Alliance. Allies – Britain, France, USA, USSR and China vs Axis Powers – Germany, Italy and Japan. Leaders – Churchill (Britain), Roosevelt (USA), Stalin (USSR) (6) Germany’s attack on Czechoslovakia In-spite of the Munich Pact between Germany and Britain (1938), Germany re-attacked and sized Czechoslovakia. (7) Immediate Cause: Germany’s invasion of Poland (1st September 1939). Germany annexed Polished corridor and Danzig city.
The sudden attack on Poland is known as Blitzkrieg (lightning war). Brtiain and France declared war on Germany. Course of the War. World War II officially began on September 1, 1939. Germany conquered – Poland, Norway, Denmark, Belgium, Holland and France. Battle of Britain – Germany vs Britain (air battle; German Air force =Luftwaffe).
Battle of Stalingrad – Germany vs USSR. (Operation of Barbaressa (1941 = Attack on Yugoslavia and Greece; Russia countered attack on Moscow with Scorched Earth Policy). Atlantic Charter (August 1941) – Between Churchil (UK) and Roosevelt (USA). Pearl Harbor Attack (7th December 1941) – Japan on USA. Italy vs UK in Africa (1942) – Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, British Somaliland, Eritrea.
France was conquered by Germany in 1940, but British and American troops liberated France in 1944. Atom bomb – Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Consequences of Second World War. End of colonialism and imperialism. End of dictatorship in Germany and Italy. Germany was divided into West Germany and East Germany. West Germany was controlled by Britain, France and USA.
East Germany by USSR. (Read more about the re-union of Germany in 1989 when you check our post about the ). Strengthening of nationalist movements in Africa and Asia. ( From Britain – India, Myanmar, Egypt, Sri Lanka; From America – Philippines; From France – Indo-China; From Dutch – Indonesia). 5 crore deaths (2.2 crore soldiers and 2.8 crore civilians). Economics problems – Unemployment, low growth etc. Emergence of two power blocks – USA and USSR.
This resulted in cold war. Emergence of third world Countries. UNO was set up in 1945.