Apr 28, 2014 - Model: Type II “Paratrooper” (Based on the Arisaka Type 99) Serial. The left side of the receiver is marked with the serial number “4528”, the.
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A Type 99 short rifle. Type Place of origin Japan Service history In service 1939–1945 (Japan) Used by See Wars Production history Designer Designed 1939 Produced 1939–1945 No. built 3,500,000 Specifications Weight 3.8 kg (8.4 lb) Length 1,118 mm (44.0 in) or 1,258 mm (49.5 in) length 657 mm (25.9 in) 730 m/s (2,400 ft/s) Feed system 5-round internal box magazine, stripper clip loaded The Type 99 rifle Arisaka or Type 99 short rifle ( 九九式短小銃, Kyū-kyū-shiki tan-shōjū) was a of the design used by the during. Contents. History During the in the 1930s, the Japanese soon found that the 7.7mm cartridge being fired by their in China was superior to the cartridge of the, necessitating the development of a new weapon to replace the outclassed Type 38. The (IJA) developed the Type 99 based on the Type 38 rifle but with a caliber of 7.7mm. The Type 99 was produced at nine different arsenals.
Seven arsenals were located in Japan, with the other two located at in China and in Korea. The IJA had intended to completely replace the Type 38 with the Type 99 by the end of the war. However, the outbreak of the never allowed the army to completely replace the Type 38 and so the IJA used both rifles during the war. As the war progressed, more and more cost saving steps were introduced in order to speed up production. Late war rifles are often called 'Last Ditch' or 'Substitute Standard' due to their crudeness of finish. They are generally as crude as the 1945 dated of Germany, or worse.
The Type 99 was produced in four versions, the regular issue Type 99 Short Rifle, the Type 99 Long Rifle (a limited production variant) and takedown Type 2 Paratroop Rifle and the. The standard rifle also came with a wire and an anti-aircraft sighting device. The Type 99 was the first mass-produced infantry rifle to have a chrome lined bore to ease cleaning. All of these features were abandoned by mid-war.
Other users During the, approximately 126,500 short and 6,650 long Type 99 Rifles were re-chambered under American supervision at the Tokyo arsenal to fire the then-standard cartridge. Apparently intended for the South Korean 'gendarmerie', few rifles appear to have been issued at the end of the war in 1953. Were fitted with a lengthened magazine well and had a small notch cut in the top of the receiver to accommodate the.30-06 round's 1/3 inch greater length. Accuracy suffered, due to the difference in cartridges, rifling rate and characteristics, but they were nonetheless functional.
Conversions to both.30-06 and as well have also been performed by civilians, often along with modifications. After 1946, the re-chambered large numbers of Type 99 rifles to fire the cartridge. Indonesian forces used a large number of Type 99 rifles in the fighting against the Dutch during the (1945–1949). The received Japanese rifles of all types after 1945 and converted some short Type 99 rifles to fire the U.S.30-06 cartridge during the early 1950s. The Flip-up Anti-aircraft rear sights of a Type 99 rifle.
The calipers on the sides are to determine the speed of the targeted aircraft. To gain the superior hitting power of the larger 7.7mm cartridge, several caliber 6.5mm Type 38 rifles were modified for the new round.
Although the tests proved satisfactory, the army decided that the added recoil and larger chambering for the 7.7mm cartridge would require an entirely new rifle for the cartridge. It utilized a cock-on-closing action and an unusual mechanism, operated by pressing in the large knurled disk at the rear of the bolt with the palm of the hand and rotating it in a 1/8 clockwise turn, which is often misunderstood by Western shooters who are used to the Mauser's thumb lever safety. It featured a quick-release bolt and antiaircraft sights, as well as a sliding bolt cover and monopod. As a bolt-action rifle, the Type 99 was a very solid weapon, but as with all manually operated rifles used during, they were in most close combat situations outclassed by and. The Type 99 is one of the strongest military bolt rifles ever made, but many late-war ('last ditch') rifles used lower quality parts, and a complete lack of finish, as well as shortcuts taken to ease production. The 'last ditch' rifles are usually distinguished by their crudeness: poorly finished stock, wood buttplate, very obvious tooling marks in the metal, rudimentary sights and an unfinished bolt knob and handle. Unlike its predecessors, however, a disadvantage of the Type 99 was its increased recoil due to the lighter weight combined with a heavier cartridge.
In some cases, these rifles may actually be training rifles intended for firing blank cartridges only. The training rifles were made of mild steel and were never intended for ball ammunition. It is possible that reports of Type 99 rifles blowing up were simply the results of soldiers testing captured weapons.
Unaware that they were using drill rifles, they fired ball ammunition in them with poor results and possible injuries. It is possible that this may have unjustly led to the Arisaka having a reputation (at least for the last ditch rifles) for being of poor construction.
The Type 99 can be fitted with a. The Type 30 bayonet had a very long, slender blade, and was grooved to reduce weight. The early models featured a hooked quillion. These bayonets attached to a lug under the barrel and were further stabilized by a loop that fit around the muzzle.
Unmounted, it handled like a. Variants Type 99 long rifle The initial production rifle of the Type 99. Made only by and under supervision. Only about 38,000 were produced, 8,000 at Nagoya and 30,000 at Toyo Kogyo between summer of 1940 and spring of 1941 when production was switched to the much more common new Type 99 short rifle of which millions were made.
Like the early Type 99 short rifles, these rifles were made with a monopod, anti-aircraft lead arms on the rear sight and a dust cover. Gallery. Type 99 with chrysanthemum Availability Though the Arisaka rifle has never been exported to the United States in great numbers, there are thousands available—most having been brought home by Marines and soldiers returning from the Pacific theater.
In many cases, the imperial chrysanthemum atop the receiver has been defaced by the surrendering Japanese in order to preserve the Emperor's honor: the mark indicated that the rifle was the Emperor's personal property. Rifles with an intact chrysanthemum often bring a premium on the collector market, sometimes almost double the price for a like model defaced rifle. Many have been rechambered to more common calibers due to the relative scarcity of factory 7.7×58mm Arisaka; it is particularly suitable for this due to its robust action. Download game yugioh pc free full version terbaru.
Users.: re-chambered for the cartridge after 1946.: used during the.: captured during World War II and used by of during the.: used during the Korean War.: Standard issue rifle of the. Limited numbers were also captured during World War II and used by Filipino and American guerrillas.: few were actually issued. Manufactured at the Incheon armory during Japanese occupation, some were converted to fire US ammunition and used during the Korean war.
As no official report of disposal was issued, some are believed to be still in the military reserve armories.: used after 1945, some were converted to the.30-06 cartridge in the early 1950s.: used by during and later by during. References. Hatcher, General Julian S. Hatcher's Notebook. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Company.
Honeycutt Jr., Fred L. And Anthony, F. Military Rifles of Japan. Fifth edition, 2006. Julin Books, U.S.A. Voigt, Don The Japanese Type 99 Arisaka Rifle 2010 Edition, 2012 revision, 2012.
Lodestone Publications, U.S.A.
Castle-Thunder.com: Japanese Arisaka Rifle Identification Japanese Rifle Identification Main Page - Back to Main Page Receiver Markings Japanese Rifles 1897-1945 Modern Japanese rifles were produced in various configurations and calibers at several located thoughout Japan, China, and Korea from about 1897 through 1945. Below are the markings on rifles in 6.5 Japanese Caliber manufactured from 1897 until the mid 1940's.
These rifles include: The Type 30 Long Rifle and Carbine, the Type 35 Rifle, the Type 38 Long Rifle, Short Rifle, and Carbine, the Type 44 Carbine, the Type 97 Sniper Rifle, and the Italian Type I Long Rifle.